Circular of Information Relative to the Certificate Laws of Oregon (Classic Reprint) Book

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Circular of Information Relative to the Certificate Laws of Oregon (Classic Reprint) Details

Excerpt from Circular of Information Relative to the Certificate Laws of Oregon
Inasmuch as an attempt is being made to change the certificate laws of Oregon, so that graduates of colleges will be authorized to teach in the elementary schools without having had special training for such work, and also to require the University of Oregon and Oregon Agricultural College to train teachers for elementary work, this circular is issued to give to members of the legislature and to school officers, definite information on this subject.
In November, 1910, the United States Bureau of Education called a conference of college presidents, normal school presidents and state school superintendents to consider the matter of adopting some uniform standards for teachers' certificates. A body of resolutions defining such standards were adopted. The Oregon legislature met the following January (1911), and enacted a certificate law based upon these resolutions. The bill was most carefully considered by the committees on education from the Senate and the House, which met in joint session and summoned before them the college presidents and other leading educators of Oregon.
The law is based upon the principle that a teacher should receive preparation for the work she wishes to do. Those who complete a standard normal school are granted certificates to teach in the elementary schools. Those who complete a course in a standard university or college, including fifteen semester hours in the Department of Education, are granted certificates to teach in the high schools only. Those who wish to teach special subjects, such as manual training or domestic science, must be prepared in standard schools offering such courses, and the examination method is offered to all who are unable to complete their college courses.
The colleges and universities of highest rank throughout the United States have departments of education. With very few exceptions, as will be seen by the letters quoted below, these departments of education train students for teaching in high school or for administrative work, leaving the work of training for teaching in the elementary grades entirely to the normal schools. As pointed out in the letter of Dr. A. A. Cleveland, head of the department of education of the State College of Washington, practically all of the state universities follow this plan, excepting those of two states which do not yet have their systems of education fully developed.
In December, 1918, we sent to the leading universities and colleges the following questionnaire:
1. Is your department of education devoted exclusively to the training of those who are preparing to be high school teachers?
2. If not, what other training if offered?
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